Misc to Sort
I still need to sort these notes somewhere into the blog, but it’s an in-progress work so please ignore these:
CLASS 1 Misc Notes
When transferring files over, that’s when things can get translated wrong (check fonts)
Often your printer will not be on the same (most current) version of Adobe, so it’s important to learn how to save down to older versions.
The blog is located here
Printers are happy to discuss their print and paper options, to explain the process to you because they want your business
The DOC has a slightly different way of setting up production: they want everything in RGB
3 projects for this class and 1 exam!
Work in class session July 12th, if you have questions be there, if you don’t you don’t have to come in.
August 6th school is closed
What about SVG format?
Assignment 1 – DUE JULY 17th 2012
Two-colour printing job (CMYK)
The paper will be white
on mid-quality coated paper
There must be a fold Dimensions: You decide the size based on your design
DON’T COMPRESS YOUR ASSIGNMENT FILES WHEN HANDED IN – THIS USUALLY RESULTS IN FILE CORRUPTION
DON’T HAND IN EXTRA FILES
1. At least one vector image and one raster image, either scanned or digital photograph saved in the appropriate format. The photo should be prepared as if it were going to be offset-printed using a line screen of 150 lpi. Thus the resolution of your image(s) should be 2x the line screen. Stock photography may be used for images.
2. Text: (a) Title (b) Place, date, time and any other information about the even that you would like to include
3. Two colours (CMYK)
4. The design must have a bleed somewhere either the image(s) or colour must bleed off on at least one
portion of a side and exported properly as a PDF and be read in Acrobat by the service bureau
5. Indicate the fold with a dashed line on a non-printing layer in the InDesign file and export the file as a
proper PDF so that the fold line can be read in Acrobat by the service bureau
6. The final layout must be prepared in InDesign. Use Photoshop and Illustrator for manupulating and
generating imagery but the copy and assembly of the elements must be done in InDesign.
7. I must be able to open the InDesign file on my home computer. Failure to do so will result in a loss of
is set up predominately set up for the CMYK colour space
Don’t ever copy and paste from illustrator to InDesign? You cant modify the original file, it doesn’t physically exist.
Place it/import it so it’s in your link palette and is up-datable or changeable
Always do logos in illustrator (as lineart first)
Export to image/jpeg later
When quoting for logo design, include in quote the various formats that you
Keep clearly and appropriately named files and folders so that someone else might be able to find files
DO NOT have dozens of untitled files 1 -25, this is a nightmare!
Description of picture, indication of multiple number,
Always ask for a quote
Never hand in a printing job without a quote
Offset Printing get 3 quotes
always get several quotes for offset
Never Give Clients your Raw Files Ever
Just the printable pdf
They cant manipulate them
Dont save print files as JPEG
Each save loses pixel information
Save as TIFF for lossless save
Slug = fold line
Class 2 Misc Notes
If your publication has a 4 colour cover and a 2 colour inside (saves money) you will have 2 separate files.
It can also occur that you want the cover on a different type of paper as well, so it is good that it is in a separate colour.
You can indicate to the printer which spots are die-cuts.
Saddle stitching only works with approximately 48 pages or less then you have to go to perfect stitching.
On direct mail you have to make sure the bottom half inch has nothing written there, stick to mailing standard.
Specialty, PMS, Spot colour = Pantone colours
The last letter indicates the paper type
Balance an image in black and white first to make sure it is even
Digital = CMYK logo
Always find a pantone colour first, then convert to CMYK
Use Pantone colours when printing 3 colours or less
Always design logos in Pantone colours, then convert to CMYK and RGB later.
Never give the client an AI version (they can edit it) give it to them in an eps only, jpeg etc.
Give the client multiple versions (Pantone, RGB, CMYK)
Never give raw files, no ai, no psd. Don’t work ‘on Spec’.
Always name eg. Les Enfants_final logo_cmyk.ai
Window > Swatch library > colour books > pantone solid
(These depend on paper type you are using)
Top right menu options > show find field (this allows you to type in number values for closest match)
Different colour spaces (Adobe RGB, SRGB by Microsoft)
These colour profiles are not super important as long as they are consistent
There are typically white walls around production screens because they doesn’t cast wall and environmental colour onto the screen while calibrating. Calibration (should??) be done once a month
Settings > Displays > Colour > Calibrate (follow the steps).
The heavier the paper the more likely your paper is to crack
There is a grain to the paper, some folds in certain directions might fold well, where as some might not.
Types on Newsprint
Because newsprint is absorbent it bleeds more and smaller types on newsprint may begin to fill.
Your printer will deal with the setup for this but avoid using type that is too small.
Anything outside of an 8.5 x 11 will cost more money because it has to be trimmed
Bleed all 0.125
Slug top only 1 inch
New layer > uncheck print (it will turn to italics to let you know it wont print)
Non printing layers are very handy
Fold lines go on the layers that is set up not to print
Put the fold lines on the master then they will appear on all pages
Delete all colours your are not using
In swatches > top right hand flyout menu > all Unused colours
drag them to the trash to eliminate them
Swatches > New Tint > create multiple tints of colours for use in the document off the same colour
You can also go to CMYK and start to mix black and magenta together to make black and magenta tints
Check ALL images at the beginning!
Check resample > bicubic best for enlargement
unckeck resample again
Change to 300 dpi, click OK
Making an image a duotone
Open image to greyscale
Double click the layer in the layers pallet to unlock it
Grayscale the image: Image > mode > greyscale
Black eyedropper, sample the darkest part of the image (that you want)
Click the white eyedropper tool and select the spot you want to be the lightest part of the image (depending on how you want it to look)
Unsharp mask adjust sharpness
Flydown > save preset
show extension .ado
Playing with the curves adjusts the amount of ink colour used to fill in
When you’re working as a duotone, save as a pdf or psd to preserve the colour
flatten the layers though
Image > Mode > Duotone
Grid trick > select 8 images > click and drag with mouse, use up arrow to divide horizontally, left/down arrow?
Object > fitting > fit frame (autofit – this will force the images to proportionally fit into the frame)
Window > Output > separations preview
In drop down menu chose > Separations Preview
Turn off each color and see which show up, should only be the two colours you have chosen to use
if the other ones pop up then they are accidentally in use
this shows the plates that will be in use
File > Package > Ink CHECK YOUR INKS
Additional plates will be used if more than 2 colours show up
Double click on swatches and change it into PROCESS
If it is set up as a spot colour it will be an extra plate and extra cost for no reason!
You can take a pantone colour and convert to CMYK process colour (it will be less vibrant and slightly muddier)
You can leave the original pantone name for reference or rename with colour values
ACTUAL PPI VS Effective PPI
Actual = saved in photoshop (the full size) 300
Effective PPI – if resized over the normal size it will drop. Reducing reduces effective ppi
(this tells you the flexibility of the image for resizing inside the indesign application
CLEANING UP YOUR DOCUMENT
Type > Find font
Find and replace the missing font
In swatches, flyout menu > unused swatches > delete
Links pallet > make sure all links are updated
Check colour space > Package > links and images > colour space > is it CMYK or RGB?
By default InDesign is set up in CMYK
New document > intent dropdown > web (this will make the default document colour space to web)
You can convert
grab all swatches > flyout > swatch options > rgb
To make sure print lines show up
File > package (check for problems and fonts, colours and inks)
Put in instructions in the instructions portion of the dialog
Copy Linked graphics
Include fonts and links from hidden and non-printing comment (fold lines etc)
Include a pdf copy of the file
Adobe Pdf Print
Press quality or PDFX
Click on mark and Bleeds – Turn on all
Use document bleed settings
Slug area if you wrote any information in
General > export layers > all layers (include your non-printing layer)
View PDF after exporting it will pop up